FURBEARER MANAGEMENT


Furbearer Management Registration Information  back to top

Mandatory registration of fisher, lynx and wolverine has been in effect since 1989; river otter was added in 1996 and bobcat in 2006. The information gained allows annual harvest comparisons to be made immediately after the trapping season so required changes in harvest quotas can be made for the next season. The following table provides a comparison of the number of furbearers registered during past seasons. More specific information can be obtained from regional Fish & Wildlife offices.

2008-2013 Annual Fur Production and 5-Year Average Based on Export Permits
Species 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 2012-2013 5-Year Average
Badger 133 172 358 362 644 334
Beaver 12,179 10,618 9,743 14,079 10,585 11,440
Bobcat 8 21 14 27 22 18
Coyote 18,965 14,401 14,970 35,050 29,326 22,542
Fisher 1,143 1,271 1,251 2,095 1,391 1,430
Fox 1,089 966 938 1,940 1,807 1,348
Canada Lynx 1,019 1,346 1,491 2,486 1,930 1,654
Marten 10,072 9,485 9,402 12,883 9,627 10,293
Mink 464 591 564 613 475 541
Muskrat 8,801 9,283 6,411 15,453 18,757 11,741
River Otter 176 265 284 316 266 261
Raccoon 58 83 85 216 179 124
Skunk 27 31 14 75 24 34
Squirrel 12,101 19,058 9,601 24,175 5,704 14,127
Weasel (Ermine) 3,825 3,243 3,822 4,132 3,613 3,727
Wolf 276 360 430 586 574 445
Wolverine 26 51 54 41 46 43

Fur Production Based on Export Permits
Species 2012/2013 Season
Number of Pelts Avg Price Economic Value

Badger

644 $30.40 $19,577.60

Beaver

10,585 $31.81 $336,708.85

Bobcat

22 $399.00 $8,778.00

Coyote

29,326 $76.00 $2,228,776.00

Fisher

1,391 $161.50 $224,646.50

Fox

1,087
$64,08
$115792.56

Canada Lynx

1,930 $217.16 $419,118.80

Marten

9,627 $150.00 $1,444,050.00

Mink

475 $32.20 $12,295.00

Muskrat

18,757 $10.40 $195,072.80

River Otter

266 $117.73 $31,316.18

Raccoon

179 $21.41 $3,832.39

Skunk

24 $10.37 $248.88

Squirrel

5,704 $1.09 $6,217.36

Weasel (Ermine)

3,613 $2.84 $10,260.92

Wolf

574 $155.40 $89,199.60

Wolverine

46 $238.33 $10,963.18

Total Fur Value:

$5,159,854.62

Species 2011/2012 Season
Number of Pelts Avg Price Economic Value

Badger

362 $25.41 $9,198.42

Beaver

14,079 $34.14 $480,657.06

Bobcat

27 $408.50 $11,029.50

Coyote

35,050 $48.63 $1,704,481.50

Fisher

2,095 $106.88 $223,913.60

Fox

1,940
$41.57
$80,645.80

Canada Lynx

2,486 $136.93 $340,407.98

Marten

12,883 $93.81 $1,208,554.00

Mink

613 $25.43 $15,588.59

Muskrat

15,453 $7.73 $119,451.69

River Otter

316 $95.25 $30,099.00

Raccoon

216 $8.97 $1,937.52

Skunk

75 $4.18 $313.50

Squirrel

24,175 $0.81 $19,581.75

Weasel (Ermine)

4,132 $3.07 $12,685.24

Wolf

586 $159.47 $93,449.42

Wolverine

41 $260.58 $10,683.78

Total Fur Value:

$4,362,678.58

Species % Change
Number of Pelts Avg Price Economic Value

Badger

78% 20% 113%

Beaver

-25% -7% -30%

Bobcat

-19% -2% -20%

Coyote

-16% 56% 31%

Fisher

-34% 51% 0%

Fox

-7%
54%
44%

Canada Lynx

-22% 59% 23%

Marten

-25% 60% 19%

Mink

-23% 27% -2%

Muskrat

-21% 35% 63%

River Otter

-16% 24% 4%

Raccoon

-17% 139% 98%

Skunk

-68% 148% -21%

Squirrel

-76% 35% -68%

Weasel (Ermine)

-13% -7% -19%

Wolf

-2% -3% -5%

Wolverine

12% -9% 3%

Total Fur Value:

18%

 Trapper Statistics 2012/13
 Registered Licences 1,531
 Partner Licences 1,091
 Resident Licences 1,087
 Registered Fur Management Areas 1.632

Trapping and Cougar Management  back to top

In recent years, the number of cougars accidentally killed by trappers in Alberta has increased. Cougars are carefully managed
as a hunted game animal in Alberta, and no trapping season exists. In areas where incidental mortality of cougars is high, hunting quotas for cougars may need to be reduced to prevent population declines. As important stewards of Alberta's wildlife resources, trappers should take precautions to limit the number of cougars and other non-target species that are accidentally captured.

Most cougars are captured in snares set for wolves or coyotes, or in large conibears set for lynx, bobcats, or wolverines. Cougars are not trap-shy and are much more easily captured than wary species such as wolves. Therefore, trappers should take steps to reduce the chance that a cougar will find their traps. Avoid placing snares or large conibears in areas where ungulates are wintering. When possible, place your sets in open areas where cougars will feel uncomfortable. Keep snares and traps well away (>200 m) from baits; use canid-specific gland lures, urine, andscats to lure wolves and coyotes to your sets. If you see cougar tracks near your sets, close the snares or pull the traps until the cougar has moved on. Consider moving your sets to a new area if you're seeing regular cougar activity. By taking these few simple precautions, trappers can reduce the chance that they will accidentally catch a cougar, leaving more of these animals for enjoyment by all Albertans. For more information on cougars and cougar management in Alberta, download the Management Plan for Cougars in Alberta at: www.srd.alberta.ca/FishWildlife/WildlifeManagement

Reminder: All cougar harvests (even accidental) must be registered at a Fish and Wildlife office immediately!

Control of Problem Wildlife  back to top

Regulations allow landholders (residents only) to take immediate action to control some problem wildlife. The following privileges are beyond those permitted under fur management licences during fur seasons. Please contact your Fish & Wildlife office when fur-bearers other than the species shown in this section are destroying property. A damage control licence may be necessary.

Section 38 of the Wildlife Act specifies that no person shall hunt wildlife or discharge firearms on or over occupied lands, or enter on such lands for the purpose of doing so without the consent of the owner or occupant.

Beaver may be hunted and trapped, without a licence and during all seasons, on privately owned land by the owner or occupant of the land, or by a resident with written permission from the owner or occupant of the land.

Wolf1 may be hunted (but not trapped) without a licence during all seasons, as follows:

  • on privately owned land by the owner or occupant of the land, or by a resident with permission from the owner or occupant.
  • on public land by a person authorized to keep livestock on that land, or by a resident who has written permission from that authorized person.

The above authorities to hunt wolves extend to lands within 8 km (5 mi.) of the land described above, provided the authorized person or resident has right-of-access.

Coyotes1 may be hunted (but not trapped), without a licence, at all times of the year throughout the province:

  1. by a resident who has right of access to hunt on lands that are not public lands within the Green Area;
  2. by the owner or occupant of privately owned land, on the privately owned land;
  3. by a person maintaining livestock on public land, on that public land; or
  4. *on lands described in c) that are in the Green Area, by a resident who is authorized in writing by the person described in c).

* These pelts must be salvaged.

(1) For further information and other seasons regarding the hunting of wolf and coyote, please refer to the current Alberta Guide to Hunting Regulations.

Red fox may be hunted (but not trapped), without a licence and during all seasons, by a resident on privately owned land to which the resident has the right of access.

Badger and Red Squirrel may be hunted or trapped, without a licence and during all seasons, by a resident on privately owned land to which the resident has the right of access.

Skunk and raccoon may be hunted or trapped during all seasons by the owner or occupant of land, or by a person authorized by the owner or occupant, or by the holder of a licence authorizing the trapping of fur-bearing animals.

Rabbit or hare may be hunted (but not trapped), throughout the province, at any time of year, without a licence on land which the person has the right of access for hunting. A resident may use snares to take rabbit or hare, provided the snare meets Regulatory Requirements for the Use of Trapping Devices.

Bobcat may be hunted (but not trapped) by a resident on land which the resident has the right of access for hunting in WMUs 102, 104, 106, 108, 112, 116, 118 and 119 and that part of WMU 110 east of Highway No. 2 and south of Highway No. 3 from November 1 to February 28.



Visit the Alberta Outdoorsmen MESSAGE BOARD


Sports Scene Publications Inc.
#100, 10642 - 178 Street, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T5S 1H4
Phone: 780-413-0331 • Fax: 780-413-0388

Visit the Official Alberta Outdoorsmen website!